Updated: Jul 9
Hebrews 4:12-13 (NCV)
12 God's word is alive and working and is sharper than a double-edged sword. It cuts all the way into us, where the soul and the spirit are joined, to the center of our joints and bones. And it judges the thoughts and feelings in our hearts. 13 Nothing in all the world can be hidden from God. Everything is clear and lies open before him, and to him we must explain the way we have lived.
Hebrews 4:12-13 (KJV)
12 For the word of God quick, and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. 13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
Barnes Notes on the New Testament gives a better exposition on this text then I could ever
give so I am sharing his comments below. [Note: The Matthew Henry Bible
Commentary also gives a very good exposition on these verses.]
For the word of God - The design of this and the following verse is obvious. It is to
show that we cannot escape the notice of God; that all insincerity, unbelief, hypocrisy,
will be detected by him; and that since our hearts are perfectly open before him, we
should be sincere and should not attempt to deceive him. The sense is, that thetruth of
God is all-penetrating and searching, and that the real thoughts and intents of the heart
will be brought to light, and that if there is insincerity and self-deception there can be no
hope of escape. There has been a great variety of opinion here about the meaning of the
phrase “the Word of God.” Some have supposed that it means the Lord Jesus; others, the
whole of the divine revelation; others the gospel; others the particular threatening
referred to here. The “Word of God” is “what God speaks” - whether it be a promise or a
threatening; whether it be Law or gospel; whether it be a simple declaration or a
statement of a doctrine. The idea here is, that what “God had said” is suited to detect
hypocrisy and to lay open the true nature of the feelings of the soul, so that there can be
no escape for the guilty. His “truth” is adapted to bring out the real feelings, and to show
man exactly what he is. Truth always has this power - whether preached, or read, or communicated by conversation, or impressed upon the memory and conscience by
the Holy Spirit. There can be no escape from the penetrating, searching application of
the Word of God. That truth has power to show what man is, and is like a penetrating
sword that lays open the whole man; compare Isa_49:2. The phrase “the Word of God”
here may be applied, therefore, to the “truth” of God, however made known to the mind.
In some way it will bring out the real feelings, and show what man is.
Is quick - Greek - “living.” It is not dead, inert, and powerless. It has a
“living” power, and is energetic and active. It is “adapted” to produce this effect.
And powerful - Mighty. Its power is seen in awakening the conscience; alarming the
fears; laying bare the secret feelings of the heart, and causing the sinner to tremble with
the apprehension of the coming judgment. All the great changes in the moral world for
the better, have been caused by the power of truth. They are such as the truth in its own
nature is suited to effect, and if we may judge of its power by the greatness of the
revolutions produced, no words can over-estimate the might of the truth which God has
Sharper than any two-edged sword - Literally, “two-mouthed” sword. The word “mouth” was given to the sword because it seemed to “devour” all before it. It consumed or destroyed as a wild beast does. The comparison of the Word of God to a sword or to an arrow, is designed to show its power of penetrating the heart; Ecc_12:11, “The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails fastened by the masters of assemblies;” compare Isa_49:2. “And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword;” Rev_1:16, “And out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged sword;” Rev_2:12, Rev_2:16; Rev_19:15. The comparison is common in the classics, and in Arabic poetry; see Gesenius, on Isa_49:2. The idea is that of piercing, or penetrating; and the meaning here is, that the Word of God reaches the “heart” - the very center of action, and lays open the motives and feelings of the man. It was common among the ancients to have a sword with two edges. The Roman sword was commonly made in this
manner. The fact that it had two edges made it more easy to penetrate, as well as to cut
with every way.
Piercing even to the dividing asunder - Penetrating so as to divide.
Soul and spirit - The animal life from the immortal soul. The former word here -
- “soul” - is evidently used to denote the “animal life,” as distinguished
from the mind or soul. The latter word - - “spirit” - means the soul; the
immaterial and immortal part; what lives when the animal life is extinct. This distinction
occurs in 1Th_5:23, “your whole spirit, and soul, and body;” and it is a distinction which
we are constantly in the habit of making. There is the body in man - the animal life - and
the immortal part that leaves the body when life is extinct. Mysteriously united, they constitute one man. When the animal life is separated from the soul, or when the soul
leaves the animated body, the body dies, and life is extinct. To separate the one from the
other is, therefore, the same as to take life - and this is the idea here, that the Word of
God is like a sharp sword that inflicts deadly wounds. The sinner “dies;” that is, he
becomes dead to his former hopes, or is “slain” by the Law; Rom_7:9, “I was alive
without the law once, but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.” This is
the power referred to here - the power of destroying the hopes of the sinner; cutting him
down under conviction; and prostrating him as if a sword had pierced his heart.
And of the joints and marrow - The figure is still continued of the sword that takes
life. Such a sword would seem to penetrate even the joints and marrow of the body. It
would separate the joints, and pierce through the very bones to the marrow. A similar
effect, Paul says, is produced by truth. It seems to penetrate the very essence of the soul,
and lay it all open to the view.
And is a discerner of the thoughts - It shows what the thoughts and intentions are. Prof. Stuart, Bloomfield, and some others, suppose that the reference here is to
“God” speaking by his word. But the more natural construction certainly is, to refer it to
the Word or truth of God. It is true that God searches the heart, and knows the thoughts,
but that is not the truth which is prominent here. It is, that the thoughts and intents of
the heart are brought out to view by the Word of God. And can anyone doubt this?
see Rom_7:7. Is it not true that people are made to see their real character under the
exhibition of the truth of God? That in the light of the Law they see their past lives to be
sinful? That the exhibition of truth calls to their recollection many long-forgotten sins?
And that their real feelings are brought out when the truth of God is proclaimed? Men
then are made to look upon their motives as they had never done before, and to see in
their hearts feelings whose existence they would not have suspected if it had not been for
the exhibition of the truth. The exhibition of the truth is like pouring down the beams of
the sun at midnight on a dark world; and the truth lays open the real feelings of the
sinner as that sun would disclose the clouds of wickedness that are now performed under
cover of the night.Many a man has a deep and fixed hostility to God and to his gospel
who might never be sensible of it if the truth was not faithfully proclaimed. The
particular idea here is, that the truth of God will detect the feelings of the hypocrite and
self-deceiver. They cannot always conceal their emotions, and the time will come when
truth, like light poured into the soul, will reveal their unbelief and their secret sins. They
who are cherishing a hope of salvation, therefore, should be on their guard lest they
mistake the name for the reality. Let us learn from this verse:
(1) The power of truth. It is “suited” to lay open the secret feelings of the
soul. There is not an effect produced in awakening a sinner; or in his conviction,
conversion, and sanctification, which the truth is not “adapted” to produce. The
truth of God is not dead; nor suited to make people “worse;” nor designed merely
to show its own “weakness,” and to be a mere occasion on which the Holy Spirit acts on the mind; it is in its own nature Fitted to produce just the effects which are produced when it awakens, convicts, converts, and sanctifies the soul.
Verse 13 makes it very clear that God knows our hearts and the things that we want to do
whether they are good or bad. I want to share my personal testimony with you which illustrates the truth of these two verses of scripture. When I was around 14 years old I wanted to experiment with sin [remember I was saved when I was 12 years old] so I started making plans on how I was going to carry out my sin act. It so happened that I came to church one evening and just before the service began one of the young ministers asked me if I knew about a certain scripture in the Bible. He read the scripture to me and began talking about the scripture and referred to other related scriptures. The passage of scripture he read addressed the very sin that I was planning on doing. God’s Word cut me to the heart. I was condemned for the sin which I was planning to do. That brother never knew the intents of my heart but God used him expounding on that verse of scripture to deliver my soul from committing a sin against God. I know the Word of God is sharp and powerful. Dwight L. Moody wrote a quote in his Bible which stated: “This book will keep you from sin or sin will keep you from this book.”
The Word of God can cut you [dissect you] and the Holy Spirit can put you back together
again. Thank God for the power of His Word and the power of the Holy Spirit. ” Most important of all, continue to show deep love for each other, for love covers a multitude of sins.”[ 1 Peter 4:8 (NLT)]
“A man is not educated who does not know the basic truths of the Bible.” -Anonymous
“Other books were given for our information; the Bible was given for our transformation.”
“Conscience is that sixth sense that comes to our assistance when we are doing wrong
and tells us we are about to get caught.”